The Kingdom of Sweden is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by the Oresund Bridge With 450,295 square kilometers, Sweden is territorially the third largest country in the European Union, with a total population of about 9,4 million. Sweden has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometer, where the population is concentrated mainly in the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population live in urban areas. The capital Stockholm is, also the largest city in Sweden. Since the Middle Ages, Sweden is an independent state.
In the 17. Century, the country's territories to form the Swedish empire. The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe of 17. and early 18. Century. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were during the 18. and 19. Century lost. The eastern half of Sweden, today's Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809. The last war, where in Sweden was directly involved, was in 1814. Since Sweden is at peace with the principle of a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime.
Since 1917, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy, in the 20. Century has become one of the most modern and prosperous industrialized world.
In 2011, Sweden was ranked fourth in the "The Economist Democracy Index" world (Statement about the degree of democratization) and tenth in the United Nations' Human Development Index "of the United Nations (a welfare indicator). Sweden is ranked as the third-most competitive country in the world by the "World Economic Forum" 2011. Sweden has one. January 1995 Member of the European Union and is a member of the OECD. References: Wikipedia